Salicornia europaea - ceklenjača1Salicornia europaea  is a typical halophytic annual dicot, rarely biennial, can be 40cm high. The stalk of the plant is upright, in the shape of pyramid, very branching, naked and shiny, green and later yellow-reddish. The leaves are coalesced in their basis so the plant looks like it is free of leaves. It blooms from July till October and it reaches full growth in the end of summer and beginning of autumn. It grows in the salt moist marshes of chloride type, which dry out during summer. It is one of the rare succulent plants in continental salt marshes of Vojvodina and the Pannonian Plain, that has been endangered in the last 60 years. The only continental sub-population which survives in Serbia is here in Slano Kopovo. This species is in the Red book of Serbia’s flora as an extremely endangered species. It is also at the list of strictly protected species.

Main reasons for disappearing and endangering glassworth from halophytic habitats in Vojvodina are melioration of salt marshes, lowering  groundwater levels that lead to desalination and lowering salt level from the topsoil.

Suaeda pannonica   is an annual, upright, cranked plant. The stalk is hard, 60cm high, branched in its upper part, naked, gray-green, often red, with thick leaves. The leaves are  semi-cylindrical, succulent, 1-2cm long. It blooms from July to September. It is a typical halophytic and it grows in the salt marshes. This species is Pannonian endemic. The sub-population which grows in Slano Kopovo is very numerous. It grows together with Salicornia europaea, Suaeda maritima i Crypsis aculeate in the moist salt marsh habitats, which dry out during summer or on the edge of salty ponds. The species is strictly protected and it is in the Red book of Serbia’s flora as an extremely endangered species.

Plantago schwarzenbergiana - Švarcenbergova bokvicaPlantago schwarzenbergiana  is Pannonian endemic species which is internationally important for preserving global diversity. It is strictly protected by law.




Suaeda maritima - jurčicaSuaeda maritima  spreads quickly after Salt Lake dries out. It is characterized with the shortest and the latest appearing in the habitats closest to open water surface. When the water retreats this species covers the bottom. It creates monoculture and mono-dominant family of the same name, but it is more important as a dominant plant for creating Salicornieto – Suaedetum maritimae continentale family that can only be seen in Slano Kopovo.

Scilla autumnalis  is the species that can only been seen in the south-east coast of Slano Kopovo. It is a relict, after glacial  plant and it is very rare in Vojvodina.